September 2019 WCCA Decisions
Wilson v. Holiday Stationstore, No. WC19-6269 (W.C.C.A. Sep. 4, 2019)
Employee injured her right knee with non-displaced fracture of the right patella. Her treating doctor provided a health care provider report in March 2015 stating she reached MMI without PPD. Almost a year later, she demonstrated no welling, full extension, and flexion of 145 degrees. X-rays suggested complete healing of the right knee. She followed up and showed full right knee extension, but a meniscus tear was suspected. MRI of the right knee showed a meniscus tear.
She was later referred to a chiropractor for evaluation and was given a 12% PPD rating and a Weber rating. She was seen by Dr. Paskoff who agreed with her treating doctor and assigned 0% PPD rating. She was evaluated by Dr. Prochaska who assigned her a 12% PPD rating. Dr. Prochaska later submitted a follow up letter retracting a 2% Weber rating.
The compensation judge found the employee was entitled to a Weber rating of 2% and an additional 12% PPD.
Employer and Insurer appealed the award of PPD and objected to admission of Dr. Stember and Dr. Prochaska’s reports on lack of foundation, that they were duplicative, and violated Minn. Stat. §176.155. WCCA upheld the admissibility of the reports as it was within the discretion of the compensation judge.
Employer and Insurer argued the compensation judge erred as a matter of law in awarding the 2% Weber rating and the 12% PPD rating was not supported by substantial evidence. Because the rules clearly set out a rating for the fracture, the compensation judge erred in awarding benefits for Weber rating. The Weber rating is not intended for use where a particular body part is rated in the schedules but Employee’s objective findings do not satisfy the requirements of the schedule. Substantial evidence supported the judge’s finding for 12% PPD.
Also on appeal was the issue of intervenors and medical mileage. Substantial evidence supported the award of the intervenors, aside from an award to CDI, as there was no evidence that CDI intervened. Mileage was also awarded with the associated intervention interests.
Jensen v. Donnelly Custom Manufacturing, No. WC19-6266 (W.C.C.A. Sep. 10, 2019)
Employee was injured after a trip and fall. The claim was admitted for right hand sprain and forehead contusion. She later filed a claim petition seeking benefits related to injuries to her head, both hands, wrists, arms, and consequential CRPS.
A compensation judge found she sustained a minor forehead contusion and right hand sprain/strain injury. The judge found that she had not proven that she sustained a left upper extremity injury or CRPS. Neither party appealed that decision.
She sought additional treatment for CRPS and was given a 44.25% PPD rating. She filed a new claim petition for PTD benefits.
A compensation judge denied Employee’s claims, finding that her right hand injury resolved, did not sustain a low back injury, and that the issue of CRPS was decided in the previous decision.
Employee appealed a denial of a consequential injury of complex regional pain syndrome and claim for permanent total disability benefits. Employer and Insurer argued that her claim was barred by res judicata and collateral estoppel.
WCCA held that res judicata does not bar the employee from claiming benefits for a time period after the first decision. Collateral estoppel may apply. The compensation judge did not consider whether the employee’s condition had changed or worsened, or whether new material facts had emerged since the prior hearing. The matter was remanded for determination of whether the employee’s condition has changed or worsened, or whether new material facts had emerged.
Rhyner v. Mattress Giant Holding Corp., No. WC18-6241 (W.C.C.A Sep. 20, 2019)
Employee injured her low back and sought benefits, including surgery, chiropractic care, and SI joint injections. A compensation judge found that she sustained a L5-S1 disc herniation and approved the recommended treatment. That decision was not appealed.
Employee underwent surgery but continued to be symptomatic. She sought SI joint injections, which were denied. Employer and Insurer asserted that the findings and order established the nature and extent of the injury was limited to the L5-S1 disc herniation and not L4-5, the SI joints or low back generally. They claimed res judicata barred the claim for treatment of the SI joints.
A compensation judge found that res judicata did not apply and ordered payment of the SI joint injections.
Employer and Insurer appealed the approval of SI joint injections based on res judicata, and that they are not reasonable and necessary.
WCCA disagreed with the Employer and Insurer that res judicata applied after careful review of the prior order. The judge awarded not only the recommended L5-S1 surgery, but also all medical treatment to low back regardless of vertebral level, including chiropractic care and SI joint injections. Substantial evidence supported the compensation judge’s determination that the SI joint injections were reasonable and necessary.
Also at issue was payment to intervenors. Because intervenors were not properly served notice of the appeal, this issue was not addressed.